To determine the winning number and color, a croupier spins a wheel in one direction, then spins a ball in the opposite direction around a tilted circular track running around the circumference of the wheel. The ball eventually loses momentum and falls onto the wheel and into one of 37 colored and numbered pockets on the wheel. The game is played at a unique shaped table with various range of number, colors and other slots to bet.
The first form of roulette was devised in 18th century France. A century earlier, Blaise Pascal introduced a primitive form of roulette in the 17th century in his search for a perpetual motion machine. The roulette wheel is believed to be a fusion of the English wheel games Roly-Poly, Reiner, Ace of Hearts, and E.O., the Italian board games of Hoca and Biribi, and “Roulette” from an already existing French board game of that name.
Rules and betting options
Roulette players have a variety of betting options. Placing inside bets is either selecting the exact number of the pocket the ball will land in, or a small range of pockets based on their proximity on the layout. Players wishing to bet on the ‘outside’ will select bets on larger positional groupings of pockets, the pocket color, or whether the winning number is odd or even. The payout odds for each type of bet are based on its probability.
The roulette table usually imposes minimum and maximum bets, and these rules usually apply separately for all of a player’s inside and outside bets for each spin. For inside bets at roulette tables, some casinos may use separate roulette table chips of various colors to distinguish players at the table. Players can continue to place bets as the ball spins around the wheel until the dealer announces no more bets. When a winning number and color is determined by the roulette wheel, the dealer will place a marker, also known as a dolly, on that winning number on the roulette table layout. When the dolly is on the table, no players may place bets, collect bets, or remove any bets from the table. The dealer will then sweep away all other losing bets either by hand or rake, and determine all of the payouts to the remaining inside and outside winning bets. When the dealer is finished making payouts, the marker is removed from the board where players collect their winnings and make new bets. The winning chips remain on the board.
Inside bets: when you want to place a bet inside the box, you will have several options:
|Straight||A single number bet||35 – 1|
|Bet||A bet on two adjoining numbers||17 – 1|
|Street||A bet on three numbers on a single horizontal line||11 – 1|
|Corner||a bet on four numbers in a square layout||8 – 1|
|Line||A bet on two adjoining streets||5 – 1|
Outside bets: it is also available to place a bet outside the the box. You will then have the following options:
|Column bets||a bet on all 12 numbers on any of the three vertical lines||3 – 1|
|Tuzinas||A bet on the first, second or third group of twelve numbers||3 – 1|
|Passe/ manque||A bet on one of the latter high eighteen numbers coming up (19-36)
A bet on one of the first low eighteen numbers coming up
|1 – 1|
|Red or blac||A bet on which color the roulette wheel will show||1 – 1|
|Even or odd (Pair or Impair)||A bet on an even or odd nonzero number||1 – 1|